Kharkov Synagogue, Kharkiv

4.5
#3 of 16 in Historic Sites in Kharkiv
The Kharkiv Choral Synagogue is a synagogue located in Kharkiv, Ukraine, the largest in the country, and a building of architectural significance.
Construction of the synagogue began in 1909, with architects submitting design proposals as part of contest. St. Petersburg architect Yakov Gevirts submitted the winning design and construction was completed in 1913 at a cost of 150,000 rubles. In 1923, the synagogue was closed, nationalized by the government, and used by a Jewish worker's club, part of the Comintern. It then served a variety of uses including housing a club, cinema and a sport complex and was not used as a place of worship until 1990.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, various Jewish groups struggled for control of the synagogue. Edward Khodos created a phony organization to represent the members of reform Judiaism and asserted control of the synagogue. Representatives of Chabad made competing claims, and for a period both groups operated in the building. In 1993, Khodos operated on the synagogue’s second floor, where according to reports he conducted his antiques business and set up a Friday night kick-boxing club for local children.
In 1998, a fire gutted the synagogue and it was officially turned over to Chabad. Extensive renovations were completed in 2003.
The building design is described as a combination of Romano-Gothic, Neo-Gothic, and Islamic architecture styles which the Architectural Society of Kharkiv saw as `reminiscent of the huge walls of ancient Palestine`.
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Kharkov Synagogue Reviews
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4.7
TripAdvisor
  • The synagogue was bigger than I expected. As it was Shabbat it was crowded also. Then, we were asked to join to say the kiddush.  more »
  • This large, beautiful synagogue luckily survived both the Nazi and Soviet periods and has been restored to its former state and purpose. It is an orthodox synagogue run mostly by Chabad. Well accessib...  more »
Google
  • Beautiful chabad synagogue in center City
  • Shalom So friendly community . Thank you for all hosting like home BH"
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