Ubehebe Crater, Death Valley Junction

4.5
#3 of 10 in Things to do in Death Valley Junction
Ubehebe Crater is a large volcanic crater of the Ubehebe Craters volcanic field in the northern half of Death Valley, in Death Valley National Park, California, USA.GeographyUbehebe Crater is located at the north tip of the Cottonwood Mountains. The crater is half a mile wide and 500 to 777 feet deep. The age of the crater is estimated from 2,000 to 7,000 years old.In 2012, new evidence suggested that the crater may be as young as 800 years old, although this estimation was a lower bound, and it's still possible the crater is much older than that.GeologyThe crater was formed when magma migrated close to the surface and the heat of the magma caused groundwater to flash into steam, throwing large quantities of pulverized old rock and new magma across the stony alluvial fan draped across the valley floor. The magma rose through a fault that lies along the western base of Tin Mountain. Movement on this fault was responsible for uplift of the entire Cottonwood Mountains range.EruptionsThe resulting large steam explosions are called a hydrovolcanic or phreatic eruption by geologists and the pits created are known as maars. Ubehebe was the last and largest in series of similar eruptions in the immediate area (its eruption exceeded the tensile strength of the bedrock by 10 times). Earlier eruptions created a group of much shallower maars to the south and another to the west. Little Hebe is a spatter cone that grew in the middle of one of the largest maars in the south group. The only significant deposit of lava in the volcanic field is contained in Little Hebe.
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Ubehebe Crater Reviews
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TripAdvisor
  • We stopped by the crater on our way to visit the Racetrack. Ubehebe is the last stop on the paved road - so getting there is no problem. It is about 60 miles from Furnace Creek (1.5 hours drive time)....  more »
  • It said it could be as young as 800 years old, WOW, what a show the large steam exploration has done. And their stage was decorated with sediments stripes. Beautiful! And it could happen again, who kn...  more »
  • Ubehebe Crater was one of the most fascinating things to see in Death Valley. It's a about an hours drive from the Visitor's Center, but well worth the drive.  more »
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  • A must for all ages
  • Worth the drive north especially if you plan on visiting the racetrack
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6 days in Death Valley National Park BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES December, popular PREFERENCES: December ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 15 days in California Desert BY A USER FROM SWITZERLAND June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular PREFERENCES: June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 8 days in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park BY A USER FROM NETHERLANDS October, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums, wildlife, popular PREFERENCES: October, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 24 days in California Desert BY A USER FROM CANADA August, teens, kids, popular PREFERENCES: August, teens, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Death Valley National Park BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM May, outdoors, shopping, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: May, outdoors, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 22 days in California Desert BY A USER FROM DENMARK September, hidden gems PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 12 days in California Desert BY A USER FROM CANADA July, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, shopping, wildlife, popular PREFERENCES: July, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 13 days in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES April, outdoors, wildlife, hidden gems PREFERENCES: April, outdoors, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 8 days in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES May, kids, popular PREFERENCES: May, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 50 days in West Coast BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES April, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 1 day in Death Valley National Park BY A USER FROM SLOVENIA April, popular PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 34 days in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES April, popular PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
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